This course equips students with a basic knowledge to the law of evidence. It begins with discussion on meaning, nature and development, and classification of evidence in various legal systems. The course deals with proof without evidence such as cases of admission, Judicial Notice, and presumptions and proof with evidence giving special focus to relevancy and admissibility of facts in various aspects.  Oral evidence encompassing competence of witnesses and grounds of incompetence, privilege, and status of hearsay as evidence are integral part of the course. Documentary, scientific, real and demonstrative evidences are also inevitable component the course has to deal with. The burden and standard of proof of facts in civil and criminal cases is last part of the course. The material tries to incorporate in all relevant topics with which constitutional rights and protections shall the concerned organs comply while investigating suspects or witnesses, searching people or premises, seizing materials etc. The course teaches students how justice could be secured with critical observance of constitutional values related with evidence.   


The course mainly introduces the drafting process and the tools in legislative drafting.  Principally it presents drafting as a tool for social change and a means   of resolving social problems and therefore looks at the drafting process in relation to substantive policy.

Furthermore, it discusses legislative theory and methodology and the research process as an early stage in drafting.  It also looks into the professional responsibility of the drafter as the principal actor in the drafting process.  It also deals with the issues of legislative syntax and techniques in drafting, stressing on the use of simple language and the clear legislative Sentence.

Finally, it emphasizes the use of language in multi lingual drafting in a federal system like Ethiopia.  For this purpose it also discusses different types of legislations, the structure and organization of a bills, and drafting inconformity with the constitution.