Course Title: Advanced Legal Research Methods 

 Course description      

Law schools have been less concerned with making legal research an essential component of their curriculum. This has probably left students, legal professionals, and legal researchers ill-prepared to undertake scientific legal research. Recently, the reform on legal education has heeded to the above concern by introducing a course on legal research. The course on advanced legal research methods builds on this to develop further students’ intellectual skills and expertise in legal research. 

By presenting the methodologies and methods of legal research, this course aims at developing students' skills in legal research at an advanced level. In general, the course focuses on two broad themes: theoretical aspects of legal research and legal research in action. Under the first theme, the course discusses in depth the different approaches to legal research ranging from the traditional doctrinal research to socio-legal and empirical legal research which centers on how the law and legal institutions operate in their wider social, economic and political context.  In the second theme, the course addresses the various processes involved in legal research, having a focus on empirical legal research.

Course objective               

This course will equip students with the required competence to conduct independent legal research. It will help students build on their earlier experiences and deepen their analytical research skills in the area of law.

Specific objectives      

The course aims at imparting students with the required competence to:

·          have an understanding of the range of types of and approaches to legal research and legal phenomena;

·          have a basic understanding of empirical research methods ;

·          choose and handle of source materials in law; 

·          analyze  and interpret primary and secondary data in relation to research objectives;

·          to identify research areas, questions and methods appropriate to the research topic and overall research aim;

·          engage in scientific legal research works.  

    Teaching method

The best way to learn about research is to engage in research. Thus, parallel with lectures and group discussions, students are required to do practical exercises including preparing research proposals, write up a mini research paper, etc.

     Evaluation          

·         Research proposal -15%   

·         Evaluating each other’s work -15%

·         Mini paper -40%  

·         Presentation -30%

         

Course description:

The course is about conducting an advanced study of criminal procedure, focusing on the law, and ethical considerations of criminal procedure beginning with the decision to commence an investigation and/or charge though sentencing. The course builds upon basic knowledge of the law of criminal procedure and examines the role of a range of justice actors, key concepts, theories, practice/ jurisprudence, debates and policy developments in the criminal process. While the focus would be on the Ethiopian criminal procedure, the course adopts a comparative approach.

The Objectives of the course include:

·         To provide advanced study in criminal procedure by reference to contemporary issues and problems

·         To develop skills in legal research and the presentation of legal material on the subject matter.

·         To provide students with an understanding of basic institutions in criminal proceedings and their distinct employment in criminal procedure systems;

·         To open up students for other systems of criminal procedure and to enhance their future practice

Method of instruction:

Lecture and group discussions; students will be also be called upon to undertake independent research.

Evaluation:  Group Research paper, individual assignments, presentation, Article reviews &  Exam




I.    COURSE OBJECTIVES

The aim of this course is exploring the historical, political, cultural, social, legal, and institutional contexts for the protection and enforcement of human rights in Ethiopia. In addressing the historical and legal contexts, the course particularly pays attention to the place of human rights in the different regimes, identifies, compares and contrasts their strengths and weaknesses. This, in turn, sets a stage for the critical assessment of the current normative, institutional and policy frameworks in place for the protection and enforcement of human rights in Ethiopia. In discussing the current normative and institutional frameworks, the course shall adopt a comparative approach so as to reflect the federal structure of the country. Thus, taking the FDRE Constitution as the central and major departure point, the course deals with the existing federal and regional laws directly concerned with the protection of human rights. It also discusses the existing federal and regional institutional frameworks responsible for the enforcement of human rights and their effectiveness. Furthermore, the course assesses the existing policy frameworks, their adequacies and the challenges thereof for the realization of various human rights in the Country.

CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL BACKGROUND ON THE ETHIOPIAN HUMAN RIGHTS SYSTEM

1.1.Human Rights systems: Overview

·      Components of National Human Rights Systems

1.2.Federalism and its Implications on Human Rights

1.3.The Ethiopian Human Rights System: Historical, Political and Socio-cultural Contexts

CHAPTER TWO

PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN ETHIOPIA: INSTITUTIONS

1.1.   The Role of Formal Institutions

·         The judiciary

·         The Parliament

·            NHRIs(Formal)

ü  Human Rights Commission

ü  Ombudsperson

2.2.Non-Formal Institutions

·      CSOs

·      Media

CHAPTER THREE

NORMATIVE FRAMEWORKS OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN ETHIOPIA

4.1. International and regional human rights treaties

·         Major international and regional human rights treaties ratified by Ethiopia

·         Issues associated with status and enforcement of human rights

4.2. The Constitutional Protection of Human Rights:

·         Human Rights under the FDRE Constitution

·         Human Rights under the Regional Constitutions

CHAPTER FOUR

POLICIES, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS FORTHE REALIZATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN ETHIOPIA

5.1. Policy frameworks, action plans and strategies for the promotion and protection of human rights

5.1. Challenges